Cannabis 101

What are cannabinoids?

When talking about cannabinoids, we are referring to chemicals that are unique to the cannabis plant.   There are over 480 natural components found within the cannabis plant, of which 66 have been officially classified as cannabinoids.



THC and CBD levels (often expressed in a percentage) should be considered when choosing a medical cannabis strain.


THC is the most well-known and researched cannabinoid and the most psychoactive. When it comes to cannabinoids, the scientific community has generally focused on THC as the primary or only important variable. Until very recently, selective breeding in cannabis for both the adult-use and medicinal markets have produced mostly THC-predominant strains of cannabis to the exclusion of other cannabinoids.


CBD lacks nearly all psychoactive effects. Taken together, THC and CBD demonstrate synergy in many applications.

Indica, Sativa and Hybrid
Indica, Sativa and Hybrid


The two most common types/varieties of cannabis are Indica (Cannabis Indica) and Sativa (Cannabis Sativa). Within these two varieties there are numerous strains, all of which possess different THC and CBD ratios. Strains of cannabis are often categorized as either an Indica variety or a Sativa variety.


Hybrid varieties are bred with the goal of creating a new strain that possesses all the positive properties of the parent strains while eliminating or reducing the negative ones. Hybrid strains are generally identified with whichever is more dominant, Indica or Sativa.



As an organization, we promote safe consumption of cannabis. Therefore, we employ the method of ‘start low, go slow.’

Ingestion methods
How do I use cannabis?


Typically dried cannabis is consumed orally or inhaled. Below are the three most common methods of consumption:




Smoking refers to the burning of dried cannabis in the form of filtered and/or unfiltered joints, bongs, or pipes. This method has come under scientific scrutiny due to the harmful effects of smoking but is often preferred because of the speed at which the effects are felt. A recommended alternative for those who choose to smoke is to use a vaporizer; this way it can reduce the harmful effects of smoking while maintaining the therapeutic benefits.




Vaporization is the process of inhaling cannabis by heating a small amount to a temperature below its combustion point. This method releases cannabinoids in a vapor form without producing irritating toxic and carcinogenic by-products that are released when cannabis is burned (smoked).


The devices needed for vaporization are available in a wide range of products from small electronic devices, ideal for discretion and portability, to larger more expensive stationary devices kept in the home.


Oral Ingestion


Orally ingesting cannabis is most commonly associated with cooking cannabis to make edibles such as baked goods and desserts, although it can be mixed with healthy meal options as well. Orally ingesting cannabis can take up to an hour to take effect, so it is recommended to start low, go slow.


I still have questions

If you need clarification or advice, we’re here to help! Don’t hesitate to contact us.

Quick Facts
Cannabis acts on the human endocannabinoid system. This system affects many different parts and processes throughout the human body, thus giving cannabis many potential medicinal benefits.
There are many different strains of cannabis that affect the human body differently due to their unique THC and CBD ratios. Knowledge of these ratios can help people choose the most effective strain for their symptoms.